Bread baking is not my forte. Desserts of any sort are easy for me, but bread and bread like gluten free items are a real challenge. I am not an inventor, more of a refiner.
Usually, I take a wheat recipe and can easily recreate a gluten free version of most desserts with an occasional need to make it more than once to perfect it. When it comes to bread or bread like baked goods it always takes me many many tries to perfect a wheat recipe into a gluten free one. With pizza dough I decided to just start with recipes that were already gluten free. I first make the recipe exactly as written and then tweak it. All the pizza recipes I tried tasted really good, but just were not exactly what I was yearning and searching for.
The New Artisan Bread in 5 Minutes a Day Cookbook by Jeff Hertzberg and Zöe François is where I found the basis for the perfect gf pizza dough recipe. The authors of this book are coming out with a GF bread baking book in October. If this pizza recipe is any indication of how their other breads will come out, I definitely recommend that you buy it! I know I can't wait to get their new book. There are several GF recipes in the New Artisan Bread in 5 Minutes a Day cookbook. I did not try the others yet. There is one recipe on their blog for a GF Crusty Boule that you can try.
I could not use one of the main ingredients in the recipe, so I spent some time experimenting with substitutions. I also reduced the water a tiny bit. I am not sure how the dough texture comes out if you can make it exactly as written, but the way I adapted the recipe the dough is like a thick fluffy cake batter. I will post the recipe with my adaptations. You can buy the book to get the original recipe which might well be even better than this adapted one.
As is typical with most gluten free recipes, it is necessary to invent a way to work with the dough. Gluten free dough rarely handles just like its wheat counterpart. With this recipe I put cornmeal on parchment paper, plopped 8 ounces of the pizza dough on it and then wet my hands and spread the dough out to a 10-inch circle. I kept rewetting my hands as needed to keep the dough from sticking as I spread it out. I tried to cover the dough with plastic wrap and roll it out, but the dough was way too sticky; using wet hands is much easier, faster and more effective. Just a word of caution (learn from my mistake) do not use foil instead of parchment paper. The baked pizza sticks a lot and the crust does not get crisp, it stays a bit soggy. I think the parchment paper allows the moisture to escape as the crust bakes, but the foil traps the moisture preventing a crisp bottom crust.
I have two pizza stones. I put one on the very bottom level of my oven, as recommended in the book. I put the other stone on a rack above this level with just enough room to fit a pizza onto the bottom stone.
|Breakfast Pizza Pie baking on a pizza stone on the bottom rack.|
A second pizza stone is on the rack just above.
The pizza comes out best on the bottom rack!
In the book ingredients are listed according to weight in grams and ounces as well as by cups and tablespoons, etc. With any sort of bread like baking it is best to measure out ingredients by weight. The results are more consistent and most likely to resemble what the recipe should come out like. Grams are the most accurate way to measure out ingredients. My scale can measure in both grams and ounces.
In The New Artisan Bread in 5 minutes a Day Cookbook the authors recommend making a large batch of dough that can then be used up to 5 days later (mine worked even 7 days later) to make a pizza (or other recipes in the book for breads, rolls, etc.) when the mood strikes you. If the dough will not be used within that time you can freeze portions and then let them defrost overnight in the fridge when you want to make it. I have not tried to thaw and bake any of the dough yet.
I recently made a vegan version of the crust for my son and it came out just as wonderful as the egg version.
Just a shout out to The Baking Beauties, Allergy Free Alaska, Fearless Dining & Around My Table for hosting a link up which will list this post. Be sure to check out their websites for some great info and recipes.
GLUTEN FREE PIZZA DOUGH
Makes enough for 8 10-inch pizzas.
|1 cup/160 g/5.5 oz||Brown Rice Flour|
|3 cups/385 g/13.5 oz||Tapioca Flour|
|2/3 cup/95 g/3.4 oz||Sweet Rice Flour|
|2 Tbs.||Yeast (I used Saf-Instant)|
|1½ tsp.||Himalayan Sea Salt|
|2 Tbs.||Xanthan Gum|
|2 ¾ cup + 2 Tbs.||Water|
|4 large||Eggs - lightly beaten
For Vegan mix 4 Tbs. Ground Flax Seed + ¾ cup Water
|1/2 cup/115 g/4 oz||Vegetable Oil (such as canola or olive) or Melted Unsalted Butter
For Vegan or Dairy Free use the oil
- Add the flours, yeast, salt and xanthan gum to the bowl of a stand mixer and mix well with a whisk.
- In a small bowl mix the water, eggs or flax eggs and oil or melted butter.
- Add the egg mixture to the flour mixture and beat until smooth with the paddle attachment.
Liquids added to the well blended dry ingredients.
The dough after the mixing is finished.
It is smooth and like a thick cake batter.
- Oil a large bowl or container and transfer the batter into the bowl or container. Cover with a dish cloth and let it sit for 2 hours at room temperature.
Dough just put into an oiled bowl to rest. Dough after resting for 2 hours. It rose over the top of the bowl
(and stuck to the covering).
- You can use the dough right away, but it will taste better if you let it stay in the fridge for at least one day. Keep the dough up to 5 days in the fridge in a covered container. Use 8-ounce portions of the dough for each pizza. Freeze dough in 8-ounce portions in baggies for longer storage. Thaw in the fridge overnight when ready to use the dough.
Vegan dough just put into a greased bowl to rise.
Note the flecks of flax seeds in the dough.
WHEN READY TO MAKE THE PIZZA
- Put a rack on the very bottom of your oven. Put your pizza stone on this rack.
- Preheat the oven to 500° - 550°. It can take half an hour to reach the right temperature. Use an oven thermometer to check the that the oven is hot enough. The pizza crust will not be crispy and rise well if the oven is not hot enough.
- While the oven is heating up prepare the pizza.
- Cut off a piece of parchment paper about 12-inches long. Sprinkle it with cornmeal or brown rice flour to keep the dough from sticking.
Parchment paper sprinkled with brown rice flour.
I found that I prefer using cornmeal.
- Plop 8-ounces of the dough onto the center of the prepared parchment paper. The dough should be about the size of a grapefruit.
A blob of dough on a piece of plastic
sprayed with cooking oil to keep the dough from sticking.
I like to weigh out the dough into 8-ounce portions
and then plop the dough onto the prepared parchment paper.
- Wet your hands and spread the dough out into a 10-inch circle. Keep wetting your hands as needed to keep the dough from sticking to your fingers. Keep an elevated lip of dough (about 1/2-inch high) around the outer edge of the circle.
Dough spread out on the parchment using wet hands.
Note the lip of dough around the edges.
A vegan pizza baked on the parchment paper.
Note that the parchment paper is trimmed to prevent burning.
- Put the topping of choice on the RAW dough. I used homemade sauce, mozzarella cheese and vegetables (onions, peppers, mushrooms and chopped broccoli), a little drizzle of olive oil (or garlic olive oil), some parmesian cheese and oregano. For vegan or dairy free pizza I used Daiya mozzarella cheese and Go Veggie dairy free parmesian cheese in place of the dairy cheeses. I also made a pizza with cooked butternut squash, spinach (put the spinach on the bottom to keep it from burning), mozzarella cheese, a drizzle of garlic olive oil and a drizzle of balsamic vinegar. The butternut pie was different and delicious.
One unbaked pizza.
- You will need something to slide the pizza onto the stone. I bought a pizza peel at Marshall’s for about $16. You must use a forward jerking motion to slide the pizza, still on the parchment paper, off of the peel. If you do not have a peel you might use a flat baking sheet and slide the pizza off onto the stone with a forward jerking motion.
- It will take 10-15 minutes for the pizza to bake, depending upon your oven. Mine took 13 minutes.
- Take the pizza, still on the parchment paper, out of the oven with the pizza peel or grab the paper with tongs and slide the pie onto a flat baking sheet. The baked pizza will slide easily off of the parchment paper.
- Cut the pie with a pizza slicer and serve. Enjoy!
SOME DELICIOUS EXPERIMENTS WITH PIZZA DOUGH
|Raw Breakfast Pizza.|
I put the parchment paper onto a piece of foil
with the edges turned up and folded to catch spills.
The eggs did run out of the crust and
I was happy that I did not have to clean them off of the oven.
|Baked Breakfast Pizza|
A stromboli is a sort of turnover made with pizza like dough and filled with deli meats or vegetables and cheese. To make the stromboli a small blob of dough was spread out into a cigar like shape. The dough was topped with sautéed mushrooms and onions and cheese. The vegetables and cheese were topped with a blob of dough and the dough was spread out into a thin layer over the top (using wet hands). The edges were sealed as well as possible by pressing the top and bottom dough along the edges. Very tasty and stromboli-like.
I tried to lift the dough over the filling with the paper.
This did not work at all. Just plop it on top of the filling
and spread it out with wet hands.
|Baked Stromboli on a pizza peel.|